Key Figures of the Group

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2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Business
Sales€ million 1,734.9 1,830.4 2,120.1 2,601.7 2,903.2
EBITDA1€ million 338.9 373.1 464.5 572.2 625.2
EBITDA margin1in % 19.5 20.4 21.9 22.0 21.5
EBIT1€ million 252.6 283.1 337.9 395.2 423.3
EBIT margin1in % 14.6 15.5 15.9 15.2 14.6
Net income1€ million 157.5 172.3 211.6 246.8 265.9
Balance sheet total (as of December 31)€ million 2,150.22 2,210.4 3,999.8 4,183.8 4,752.8
Capital ratio (as of December 31)in % 40.92 43.0 35.8 38.0 36.4
Investments (without M & A)€ million 70.3 70.7 101.3 147.2 168.4
Net debt (incl. pension provisions and similar obligations) /EBITDA (as of December 31)1ratio 2.42 2.0 3.2 2.8 3.1
Research and development expenses1€ million 113.8 127.0 138.9 169.6 186.0
Operating cash flow€ million 219.5 274.8 343.2 375.2 338.8
 
Capital Market
Shares issued as of balance sheet datemillions 118.2 118.2 129.8 129.8 129.8
Share price at end of fiscal year (Xetra® closing price)in € 27.12 33.50 50.13 61.33 57.83
Market capitalization at end of fiscal year€ million 3,204.9 3,958.8 6,507.5 7,961.4 7,507.1
Earnings per share1in € 1.33 1.46 1.69 1.90 2.05
Dividend per sharein € 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 0.853
 
Environment
Carbon dioxide emissions (Scope 1 and Scope 2)4,5in t 240.51 226.00 201.76 243.04 230.05
Chemical oxygen demand (CSB ) in wastewater4,5in t 5.73 5.68 4.96 5.21 4.31
Sensitive waste4,5in t 16.51 14.99 15.90 14.20 14.34
 
Employees
Employees (as of December 31)FTE6 5,669 5,959 8,160 8,301 8,944
Fluctuation ratein % 5.3 4.4 4.8 5.1 4.8
Number of accidentsMAQ7 5.3 5.3 4.8 3.9 3.8
1
Figures for 2014 and 2016 normalized for transaction and integration costs as well as one-off valuation effects related to business combinations
2
adjusted as a result of changes to accounting policies in 2012
3
proposal
4
per € m of value created; Figures for 2015 and 2016 including Diana but without Renessenz
5
In 2014, we have redefined the calculation basis for our consumption and emission values: We now record these data no longer per ton of product, but per million of added value. The values of previous years were restated accordingly. The basic trend remains unchanged.
6
not including apprentices and trainees; FTE = Full Time Equivalent
7
MAQ = Number of accidents (> 1 lost day) x 1 million/number of working hours